|During 58 A.D., the apostle Thomas lived here up to his assassination in 78 A.D. In 1504 the “San Thome Cathedral” was built in his memory and houses his remains. In 1611, the British East India Company erected its first trade post at the north of Madraspatnam. This was transferred in 1639 to Madraspatnam. During 1640, fort St. George was established here, around which George Town was built and now is part of Chennai. This settlement obtained its municipal rights during 1688 by King James II.
The predominance of the Englishmen was challenged by the Frenchmen, who in 1676 founded 33 miles south of Pondicherry their “French East India Company” – later known as “Compagnie of India”. From there, the Frenchmen fought the Carnatic and tried to banish the Englishmen. However, in 1756, the French were uprooted, and with that, the Englishmen were able to expand their post to one of the most important places as “British imperial India”. However, by signing the treaty of Paris, the Frenchmen were allowed to still dominate over Pondicherry.